Exxon Mobil is buying Pioneer Natural Resources in an all-stock deal valued at US$59.5 billion, its largest buyout since acquiring Mobil two decades ago, creating a colossal fracking operator in West Texas.
Including debt, Exxon is committing about US$64.5 billion to the acquisition, leaving no doubt of the Texas energy company’s commitment to fossil fuels as energy prices surge.
Pioneer shareholders will receive 2.32 shares of Exxon for each Pioneer share they own.
“I think fossil fuels, as the world looks to transition and find lower sources of affordable energy with lower emissions, fossil fuels oil and gas are going to continue to play a role over time,” Exxon Mobil CEO Darren Woods said during an interview with CNBC. “That may diminish with time. The rate of that is, I think, not very clear at this stage. But it will be around for a long time.”
Woods explained that Exxon and Pioneer will be able to use their combined capabilities to drive down emissions and produce lower carbon intensity oil and gas.
Exxon purchased XTO Energy in 2009 for approximately US$36 billion. In the late 1990s, the merger between Exxon and Mobil was valued around US$80 billion.
The deal with Pioneer Natural vastly expands Exxon’s presence in the Permian Basin, a massive oilfield that straddles the border between Texas and New Mexico. Drilling the Permian accounted for 18 per cent of all US natural gas production last year, according to the US Energy Information Administration.
Pioneer’s more than 850,000 net acres in the Midland Basin will be combined with Exxon’s 570,000 net acres in the Delaware and Midland Basin, nearly contiguous fields that will allow the combined company to trim costs.
Woods said in prepared remarks that the combined company will have an estimated Permian resource of 16 billion oil equivalent barrels, with 15 to 20 years of remaining inventory.
Natural gas rigs in operation have declined over 26 per cent in the United States since the start of the year, according to government data, largely due to the rising costs for drilling materials and labour over the past two years.
“Their tier-one acreage is highly contiguous, allowing for greater opportunities to deploy our technologies, delivering operating and capital efficiency as well as significantly increasing production,” Woods said of Pioneer in a statement.
Once the deal closes, Exxon Permian production volume will more than double to 1.3 million barrels of oil equivalent per day, based on 2023 volumes. It’s expected to climb to about 2 million barrels of oil equivalent per day in 2027.
Woods said that by 2027, about 60 per cent of the combined company’s production will come from low-cost, high-growth strategic assets, including the Permian, Guyana, Brazil, and LNG, with total production of more than 5 million oil equivalent barrels per day.
“The combination of ExxonMobil and Pioneer creates a diversified energy company with the largest footprint of high-return wells in the Permian Basin,” Pioneer CEO Scott Sheffield said in a prepared statement.
Citi’s Alastair Syme wrote that the transaction could provide multiple benefits to Exxon.
“Across the industry, the logic of consolidation in the highly fragmented Permian shale remains compelling with significant gains to be achieved from economies of scale by minimising facilities spend, optimising drilling and reducing” general spending, Syme wrote.
Exxon is flush with cash. The company posted unprecedented profits last year of US$55.7 billion, breezing past its previous record of US$45.22 billion in 2008 when oil prices hit record highs.
Exxon Mobil Corp has been using some of that cash on acquisitions. In July the company announced that it was buying pipeline operator Denbury in an all-stock deal valued at US$4.9 billion.
Pioneer Natural has been making similar manoeuvres. In 2020 the company said it was buying Parsley Energy in an all-stock deal valued at approximately US$4.5 billion. It then purchased DoublePoint Energy in a cash-and-stock deal worth about US$6.4 billion in 2021.
The boards of both companies have approved the transaction, which is expected to close in the first half of next year. It still needs approval from Pioneer shareholders.